The types of dental implant

Types of Implants

The dental implants’ most important aims are the followings:

 

  • replace functionally and aesthetically the original tooth’s root
  • ensure the stability of tooth replacement
  • allow to replace a natural tooth

However, when we consider replacing our missing tooth with a dental implant first time, we come across several methods, procedures and among these solutions there are huge differences.

The aim of dental implants

The dental implants have become popular and available over the past few decades, with the help of an artificial root- the dental implant itself – the dentists can remodel one or more missing teeth without polishing or treating the adjacent teeth. A dental implant is able to add the same support to the artificial tooth than an original root, the artificial root raises natural feeling to the patient and it is almost insensible.

With one implant, you can replace one or two missing tooth at the same time. There are many possibilities to replace them, but it is very important to consult with your dentist beforehand. Therefore, dental implant is for everyone, who wants to replace either one tooth or a full set.

The types of dental implants

 

2-phase dental implants

The 2-phase dental implant’s treatment means the surgery happens in two steps. At first, the dental implant is placed into the jawbone than the gum is stitched to cover the dental implant. After this few months healing period starts. When the dental implant is placed, with a small procedure the dentist opens the gum and puts the dental abutment onto the implant. The crown comes last on the top of the dental implant’s abutment.

Endosseous (inside of the bone) dental implants

For placing a 2-phase dental implant, dentist uses Endosseous – inside the bone type – dental implants, which are fixed directly into the jawbone. There are several shapes of dental implants, such as screw-, roll- and blade shape dental implants and their placing methods are different.

1-phase dental implants

The 1-phase dental implant means that the dentist places a longer dental implant into the jawbone and the top of the dental implant is out of the gum’s surface. In this case, the head of the dental implant stays free, after stitching it is visible with a naked eye as well. After a few months healing period, there is no need for another surgery, the dental abutment and the crown can be placed immediately on the top of the dental implant.

Subperiosteal (dental implants on the bone)

The dental implants on the bone are taken under the gum but upper the jawbone. Regarding their shape, they are much bigger than the inside the bone implants. Dentists use them when the patient’s jawbone is not enough thick or dense to ensure an implant’s stability.

Transosteal (dental implants through to the bone)

The dental implants are fixed to the lower part of the jawbone, and are consisted of pin shape screws and U shape frames.

Types of dental implant’s coat

We make a distinction not only the types of dental implant, but also their coats. Although most of implants are made from titanium, the coat of the surface – which is influence to the size and the quality of the ossification – can be various.

For instance, a porous formed surface can cause effective ossification than a polished surface. The existing coats are the following: sand blown, acid pickled, micro-scored and hydroxyapatite. These coats help to the Osseo-integration’s procedure. You can consult with your dentist to choose the right one for you.

The size of the dental implants

We can classify the dental implants also about their sizes (or we call it platform). The basis of the size is a dental implant’s diameter (not its length). The jawbone’s quality and the available gap are both important factors when the dentist chooses a dental implant.

 Standard dental implants:

Generally used dental implant’s diameter is 3,5-4,2 millimeters. These implants are quite short and thin, they are used mostly in the front part of the mouth when the dentist replacing the incisors.

Large platform dental implants:

Their diameter is 4,5-6 millimeters, and used at the back part of the mouth, replacing the molars.

Miniature dental implants:

The miniature or thin body dental implants’ diameter is 2-3,5 millimeters, it is mainly for those patients, whose jawbone isn’t dense enough (it is typically mainly for older patients), the gap between the adjacent teeth is not wide enough or a tooth is missing for a long time.

Immediate implants after an extraction

Technically it is possible to place a dental implant after an extraction immediately. In this case, the artificial root is placed after the extraction instantly, the healing period is shorter, and the Osseo-integration is also much faster.

Whether the immediate implantation is possible or not, the gap of the extraction’s anatomy determinates. In many instances the gap after a tooth extraction is larger than the dental implant itself and it is impossible to place the dental implant immediately. In this case, waiting for the Osseo-integration or grafting a new bone is preferred to ensure the stability of an implant.

Which dentist and dental implants are worth to choose?

 

The first, crucial moment is choosing a proper specialist. It is important that the chosen dentist would have a huge experience related to implantology and his or her personality is acceptable for the patient. The experience is necessary in all, but mainly the friendly manner what counts. The experience is built on wide knowledge and also lots of training. The most talented dentists also have to practice and operate a lot before becoming professional in his or her job.

The implantologist’s personality is also an important factor. It is worth to choose a specialist, who spends enough time listening and answering the patient’s questions, resolving its fears and doubts, meanwhile inspires the confidence which is required during a few months treatment.

If we managed to choose a proper dentist (this is not an easy step) and he or she gained our trust, we should entrust the procedure of choosing the surgery method, the type of the dental implant etc. to him or her.

Countless dental implant systems exist, it is impossible to know and get experience in the use of all of them. Most implantologists use two or three dental implant systems, which are available to cover all the needs. The producing companies of the dental implant systems aim to provide solutions for all type of demand with their products. Similar to the cars, all bigger brands have small vehicles, bigger family cars, maybe vans too. Of course, in special cases, if somebody needs a motorcycle or a bulldozer, they have to turn to another firm.

What are the differences between the cheaper and the more expensive dental implants?

 

The price of the dental implants consists of more elements

  • At first the dentist’s know-how and experience are both crucial, the equipment of the clinic, the qualification of the staff and the provided additional services with the continuous after care and the provided guarantee all matters in the final price.
  • Secondly, the purchase price of the dental implants’ parts are also important. It means not only the price of the placed dental implant (the artificial root), but also all used components, such as dental drills, dental superstructures, the numbers of the parts the dental technician’s works with, for making molds and the temporary replacements. Obviously, behind the most expensive implants standing a producer with bigger producing experience and deeper research, that’s why they are pioneer related to the innovations. The logistics, the numbers of scientific examinations or the numbers of dentist’s training also have important roles to the price of the dental implants.
  • Next important factor is the additional number of treatments. Does the patient need any additional treatment, like sinus lift or bone grafting or not? They all count at the final price of the dental implant.
  • Finally the type of the dental implant also has a huge influence to the method of the surgery. The numbers of the operations, the treatment’s period are shown at the final cost of the dental implant’s treatment of course.