The effects of smoking on the body

Dental Implant Care Budapest

The effect of the smoking for the mouth

Unfortunately, we have to say the smoking has serious effect for our teeth and for our all mouth as well. Did you know that the nicotine and tobacco smoke:

  • consists more than 4000 compounds, the most of them are intoxicating and fade away/work off via the mucous membrane
  • decreases the local defense mechanism’s efficiency of the mouth, it causes the mouth become more susceptible for the illnesses
  • debases the circulation of the mucous membrane, by this the normal function of the cells gets injured, the dental plaque is developed faster and it badly stains the teeth yellow?

Smoking is not responsible for the dental decay, mostly it causes periodontal illnesses, it decreases bone devastation which can result dislocation and tooth loss. In this point of view the more common tooth brushing – though it reduces the efficiency of some negative factors – it doesn’t protect teeth from the damaging effects of smoking.

Risks from smoking


If somebody smoke 5-10 cigarettes per day, the risk of development of serious periodontal diseases is 3 times higher than people who don’t smoke (ergo you don’t have to be a strong smoker).

5 cigarettes per day raise 10 times the expansion’s possibility of a tumour in the mouth (it is only 5 cigarettes!) In 2000 in Hungary there was around 1700 people who died caused by morbid tumours in the mouth. Other monstrous generated by the smoking (like pulmonary cancer, heart attach) weren’t mentioned yet.

The smokers have to calculate the harmful factors and the negative consequences of smoking. Are all smokers aware of all effects of smoking? Let’s clear it in details. The cigarettes’ smoke contains more materials which are harmful for our health: tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, poly-cyclic carbon hydrogen, radioactive polonium, arsenic and so on.


Cigarettes – 4000 chemical compounds in a cigarette

The most of the compounds, which are in cigarettes and in other tobacco products, are poisonous. The tar, like a burn by-product, forms a deposit in the lung, what means that after each cigarette the breathing surface of the lung decreases. It is important to highlight that cigarettes’ smoke contains a lot of carbon monoxide which has toxic effects.

smoking effects

The responsibility of the dependence is the nicotine. The nicotine is actually a hard drug, its killing dose is 20-60 milligrams. During a light poisoning it cause headache, sickness, runs, sweat, high pulse. Who smokes for the first time, they can feel the same. Long term effects of the nicotine are: stomach ulcer, vasoconstriction (in the coronary artery) and difficulty in the respiration as well. Nicotine influencing  revolve dopamine, that’s how it causes dependence, and that’s how we feel more happiness, less distress, more ability for concentration, it can also raise the pulse ,  the level of blood pressure, sugar-  liver metabolism and stomach acid growth. The cigarette is the most effective stuff which helps to allocate the nicotine to our body. With a deep breath, the nicotine goes into our brain incredibly fast, only in 7 seconds!


The damaging effects of the smoking for our health

Because of smoking’s harmful effects for the vascular system, indirectly it causes damages in any organs. The risk of a heart attack can be developed caused by the consequence of the vasoconstriction, an amputation can be needed caused by circulation problems of the low joints. The risk of thrombosis and embolism are also high.

The carcinogenic substances raise the possibility of all kind of tumours in our body, but especially the number of cancer of mouth, – lung, -larynx and so on. The augmentation of stomach acid’s quantity, smoking is one of the main reason why stomach ulcer and stomach cancer can be developed.


Smokers’ life is not only ages shorter, but also the quality of their life is worse: their physical shape decreases, they cough, choke. Direct damaging of the obstructive airways causes chronic inflammation, long run asthmatic problems. Regular smoking (we differentiate active and also passive smoking) reduces conception’s ability in both males and females, increases the risk of abortion, premature and also retardation problems. Smoking is one of the risk factors of osteoporosis, it can cause inflammation in the joints and some research show that smoking has also a role in the older age blindness.


Smoking’s effects for women

Smoking is a risk factor of coronary illnesses (in women’s case it is higher than in men’s), quitting helps to reduce the risk of heart attack. In addition, women can get stroke easier and possibility of diabetes is also higher for them. We probably wouldn’t think that in consequence of smoking is more wrinkle on the face, thanks to that, the smoker women seem older than their age and beside those facts, skin cancer can be evolved easier. Several researches shown, smoker women’s period is more painful, climax is coming earlier and the related reducing mineralization of the bone is also stronger.

Beside those facts, conception is concerned. If somebody cannot give up this bad habit during her pregnancy, her foetus / embryo and unborn kid will be put in danger. Ectopic pregnancy, abortion, baby with low weight or preterm birth, low intellectual abilities, breathing problems, thyroid problems and sudden infant death syndrome can be caused. Smoker parents’ kids become passive smokers later, among them asthma is higher, for the treatments bigger dose of prescribed drugs are needed, their chest is inflamed for longer time. The mother had better not smoke during breastfeeding, because the baby is also in danger with the breast milk.

girl, who is smoking

For smoker women, the risk of the arthritis is higher, and some psychiatric symptoms can also be shown (anxiety, eating problems, attention deficit, alcoholism). Mouth and lung cancer are more common for women than men. The risk of breast – and cervical cancer is also higher.


Smoking is more harmful for the women’s heart

Usually women get heart problems later than men, except if they are smokers – determined by a Norwegian research team. Smoker women get heart attack 14 years earlier than non-smoker women.

Risk factors for smoker men

In case of men, the number of sperm and their decreasing moving ability, impotency can be caused by smoking. Sperm cells are damaged of smoker dads and their susceptible for cancer can also be transmitted.


Addicted passion for both male and female

The prevalence of vasoconstriction, heart attack, circulation problems of the legs increases vs the non-smokers. Lot of people realize that their fingers are colder while they are smoking – this is a result of smoking. Limb amputation is also more common for smokers. Stomach- and duodenal ulcer, inflammation in the stomach, glaucoma can also be evolved caused by smoking.

man, who is smoking

The effects of smoking for our teeth

Colouring and fetidity breath are irrelevant side effects of smoking. The real danger is  the immune damaging influence, smoking is a serious risk factor of evolving periodontal diseases. Beside this, it is worth think about that replacing of missing teeth effected via ulatrophia cannot work out with dental implantation, and the other replacing methods have much shorter living period than for non-smoker patients.


Connections between smoking and periodontal disease

According to several researches in the 1990’s smoking has key role in periodontal disease. Beside diabetes and immune system diseases, smoking is the most common risk factor regarding periodontal disease.

The damages of smoking are multiple. From a simple tooth colouring via fetidity, more or less heavy changes in the mucous membrane till serious periodontal disease and at last the effected tooth loss,so a lot of problems can be written for the account and risk of smoking.


Indirect connections

Beforehand, smoking’s indirect connections were guessed, in other words smokers have much worse mouth hygiene. They guessed dental plaque evolving possibility is higher and the mouth flora is different compared to the non-smokers – these indirect effects help to grow periodontal disease. In case of smokers, the mouth fur is also different, it consists deposited nicotine, tar and several other derivates.


Fact – smoking decreases gripping of the gum

In the past few years the harmful effects of smoking for our immune system were proven. It has direct, reducer influence for the gum’s insertion.  Smokers have much more chance to get periodontal disease, than non-smokers.


Lower possibilities for the recovery

For smokers, periodontal disease’s healing time is longer. The gum inflammation itself is greater, which is not a good news, because it’s weakening the immune system. Nicotine is harmful for the cells in the gum and also for the humorous, in this way the circulation of the gum  is slower – which should be the natural preventive mechanism – cannot evolve enough and doesn’t protect efficiently the body against the damaging agents.


Smoking: double bone recessing

An American research showed, smokers’ bone recessing was double than the non-smokers’, however both group used the same mouth hygiene protocol.

smoking ashtray

Usually mouth hygiene isn’t compensate the harmful effects of smoking

An earlier hypothesis was rebutted by these datas, like beside proper mouth hygiene the negative side effects of smoking can be inactivated. This is unfortunately not truth, with the best mouth cleaning, usual dentist check-ups and dental hygiene control, smoking harmful effects still can’t be distinguished. The best solution is quit smoking, which is important not only for the health of our teeth, but also for the health of our whole body.

smoking cross