The effects of smoking on the body

The effect of the smoking for the mouth

Unfortunately, we have to say the smoking has serious effect for our teeth and for our all mouth as well. Did you know that the nicotine and tobacco smoke:

  • consists more than 4000 compounds, the most of them are intoxicating and fade away/work off via the mucous membrane
  • decreases the local defense mechanism’s efficiency of the mouth, it causes the mouth become more susceptible for the illnesses
  • debases the circulation of the mucous membrane, by this the normal function of the cells gets injured, the dental plaque is developed faster and it badly stains the teeth yellow?

Smoking is not responsible for the dental decay, mostly it causes periodontal illnesses, it decreases bone devastation which can result dislocation and tooth loss. In this point of view the more common tooth brushing – though it reduces the efficiency of some negative factors – it doesn’t protect teeth from the damaging effects of smoking.

Risks from smoking

 

If somebody smoke 5-10 cigarettes per day, the risk of development of serious periodontal diseases is 3 times higher than people who don’t smoke (ergo you don’t have to be a strong smoker).

5 cigarettes per day raise 10 times the expansion’s possibility of a tumour in the mouth (it is only 5 cigarettes!) In 2000 in Hungary there was around 1700 people who died caused by morbid tumours in the mouth. Other monstrous generated by the smoking (like pulmonary cancer, heart attach) weren’t mentioned yet.

The smokers have to calculate the harmful factors and the negative consequences of smoking. Are all smokers aware of all effects of smoking? Let’s clear it in details. The cigarettes’ smoke contains more materials which are harmful for our health: tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, poly-cyclic carbon hydrogen, radioactive polonium, arsenic and so on.

 

Cigarettes – 4000 chemical compounds in a cigarette

The most of the compounds, which are in cigarettes and in other tobacco products, are poisonous. The tar, like a burn by-product, forms a deposit in the lung, what means that after each cigarette the breathing surface of the lung decreases. It is important to highlight that cigarettes’ smoke contains a lot of carbon monoxide which has toxic effects.

smoking effects

The responsibility of the dependence is the nicotine. The nicotine is actually a hard drug, its killing dose is 20-60 milligrams. During a light poisoning it cause headache, sickness, runs, sweat, high pulse. Who smokes for the first time, they can feel the same. Long term effects of the nicotine are: stomach ulcer, vasoconstriction (in the coronary artery) and difficulty in the respiration as well. Nicotine influencing  revolve dopamine, that’s how it causes dependence, and that’s how we feel more happiness, less distress, more ability for concentration, it can also raise the pulse ,  the level of blood pressure, sugar-  liver metabolism and stomach acid growth. The cigarette is the most effective stuff which helps to allocate the nicotine to our body. With a deep breath, the nicotine goes into our brain incredibly fast, only in 7 seconds!

 

The damaging effects of the smoking for our health

Because of smoking’s harmful effects for the vascular system, indirectly it causes damages in any organs. The risk of a heart attack can be developed caused by the consequence of the vasoconstriction, an amputation can be needed caused by circulation problems of the low joints. The risk of thrombosis and embolism are also high.

The carcinogenic substances raise the possibility of all kind of tumours in our body, but especially the number of cancer of mouth, – lung, -larynx and so on. The augmentation of stomach acid’s quantity, smoking is one of the main reason why stomach ulcer and stomach cancer can be developed.

smoking

Smokers’ life is not only ages shorter, but also the quality of their life is worse: their physical shape decreases, they cough, choke. Direct damaging of the obstructive airways causes chronic inflammation, long run asthmatic problems. Regular smoking (we differentiate active and also passive smoking) reduces conception’s ability in both males and females, increases the risk of abortion, premature and also retardation problems. Smoking is one of the risk factors of osteoporosis, it can cause inflammation in the joints and some research show that smoking has also a role in the older age blindness.

 

Smoking’s effects for women

Smoking is a risk factor of coronary illnesses (in women’s case it is higher than in men’s), quitting helps to reduce the risk of heart attack. In addition, women can get stroke easier and possibility of diabetes is also higher for them. We probably wouldn’t think that in consequence of smoking is more wrinkle on the face, thanks to that, the smoker women seem older than their age and beside those facts, skin cancer can be evolved easier. Several researches shown, smoker women’s period is more painful, climax is coming earlier and the related reducing mineralization of the bone is also stronger.

Beside those facts, conception is concerned. If somebody cannot give up this bad habit during her pregnancy, her foetus / embryo and unborn kid will be put in danger. Ectopic pregnancy, abortion, baby with low weight or preterm birth, low intellectual abilities, breathing problems, thyroid problems and sudden infant death syndrome can be caused. Smoker parents’ kids become passive smokers later, among them asthma is higher, for the treatments bigger dose of prescribed drugs are needed, their chest is inflamed for longer time. The mother had better not smoke during breastfeeding, because the baby is also in danger with the breast milk.

girl, who is smoking

For smoker women, the risk of the arthritis is higher, and some psychiatric symptoms can also be shown (anxiety, eating problems, attention deficit, alcoholism). Mouth and lung cancer are more common for women than men. The risk of breast – and cervical cancer is also higher.

 

Smoking is more harmful for the women’s heart

Usually women get heart problems later than men, except if they are smokers – determined by a Norwegian research team. Smoker women get heart attack 14 years earlier than non-smoker women.

Risk factors for smoker men

In case of men, the number of sperm and their decreasing moving ability, impotency can be caused by smoking. Sperm cells are damaged of smoker dads and their susceptible for cancer can also be transmitted.

 

Addicted passion for both male and female

The prevalence of vasoconstriction, heart attack, circulation problems of the legs increases vs the non-smokers. Lot of people realize that their fingers are colder while they are smoking – this is a result of smoking. Limb amputation is also more common for smokers. Stomach- and duodenal ulcer, inflammation in the stomach, glaucoma can also be evolved caused by smoking.

man, who is smoking

The effects of smoking for our teeth

Colouring and fetidity breath are irrelevant side effects of smoking. The real danger is  the immune damaging influence, smoking is a serious risk factor of evolving periodontal diseases. Beside this, it is worth think about that replacing of missing teeth effected via ulatrophia cannot work out with dental implantation, and the other replacing methods have much shorter living period than for non-smoker patients.

 

Connections between smoking and periodontal disease

According to several researches in the 1990’s smoking has key role in periodontal disease. Beside diabetes and immune system diseases, smoking is the most common risk factor regarding periodontal disease.

The damages of smoking are multiple. From a simple tooth colouring via fetidity, more or less heavy changes in the mucous membrane till serious periodontal disease and at last the effected tooth loss,so a lot of problems can be written for the account and risk of smoking.

 

Indirect connections

Beforehand, smoking’s indirect connections were guessed, in other words smokers have much worse mouth hygiene. They guessed dental plaque evolving possibility is higher and the mouth flora is different compared to the non-smokers – these indirect effects help to grow periodontal disease. In case of smokers, the mouth fur is also different, it consists deposited nicotine, tar and several other derivates.

 

Fact – smoking decreases gripping of the gum

In the past few years the harmful effects of smoking for our immune system were proven. It has direct, reducer influence for the gum’s insertion.  Smokers have much more chance to get periodontal disease, than non-smokers.

 

Lower possibilities for the recovery

For smokers, periodontal disease’s healing time is longer. The gum inflammation itself is greater, which is not a good news, because it’s weakening the immune system. Nicotine is harmful for the cells in the gum and also for the humorous, in this way the circulation of the gum  is slower – which should be the natural preventive mechanism – cannot evolve enough and doesn’t protect efficiently the body against the damaging agents.

 

Smoking: double bone recessing

An American research showed, smokers’ bone recessing was double than the non-smokers’, however both group used the same mouth hygiene protocol.

smoking ashtray

Usually mouth hygiene isn’t compensate the harmful effects of smoking

An earlier hypothesis was rebutted by these datas, like beside proper mouth hygiene the negative side effects of smoking can be inactivated. This is unfortunately not truth, with the best mouth cleaning, usual dentist check-ups and dental hygiene control, smoking harmful effects still can’t be distinguished. The best solution is quit smoking, which is important not only for the health of our teeth, but also for the health of our whole body.

smoking cross

 

The types of dental implant

The dental implants’ most important aims are the followings:

 

  • replace functionally and aesthetically the original tooth’s root
  • ensure the stability of tooth replacement
  • allow to replace a natural tooth

However, when we consider replacing our missing tooth with a dental implant first time, we come across several methods, procedures and among these solutions there are huge differences.

The aim of dental implants

The dental implants have become popular and available over the past few decades, with the help of an artificial root- the dental implant itself – the dentists can remodel one or more missing teeth without polishing or treating the adjacent teeth. A dental implant is able to add the same support to the artificial tooth than an original root, the artificial root raises natural feeling to the patient and it is almost insensible.

With one implant, you can replace one or two missing tooth at the same time. There are many possibilities to replace them, but it is very important to consult with your dentist beforehand. Therefore, dental implant is for everyone, who wants to replace either one tooth or a full set.

The types of dental implants

 

2-phase dental implants

The 2-phase dental implant’s treatment means the surgery happens in two steps. At first, the dental implant is placed into the jawbone than the gum is stitched to cover the dental implant. After this few months healing period starts. When the dental implant is placed, with a small procedure the dentist opens the gum and puts the dental abutment onto the implant. The crown comes last on the top of the dental implant’s abutment.

Endosseous (inside of the bone) dental implants

For placing a 2-phase dental implant, dentist uses Endosseous – inside the bone type – dental implants, which are fixed directly into the jawbone. There are several shapes of dental implants, such as screw-, roll- and blade shape dental implants and their placing methods are different.

1-phase dental implants

The 1-phase dental implant means that the dentist places a longer dental implant into the jawbone and the top of the dental implant is out of the gum’s surface. In this case, the head of the dental implant stays free, after stitching it is visible with a naked eye as well. After a few months healing period, there is no need for another surgery, the dental abutment and the crown can be placed immediately on the top of the dental implant.

Subperiosteal (dental implants on the bone)

The dental implants on the bone are taken under the gum but upper the jawbone. Regarding their shape, they are much bigger than the inside the bone implants. Dentists use them when the patient’s jawbone is not enough thick or dense to ensure an implant’s stability.

Transosteal (dental implants through to the bone)

The dental implants are fixed to the lower part of the jawbone, and are consisted of pin shape screws and U shape frames.

Types of dental implant’s coat

We make a distinction not only the types of dental implant, but also their coats. Although most of implants are made from titanium, the coat of the surface – which is influence to the size and the quality of the ossification – can be various.

For instance, a porous formed surface can cause effective ossification than a polished surface. The existing coats are the following: sand blown, acid pickled, micro-scored and hydroxyapatite. These coats help to the Osseo-integration’s procedure. You can consult with your dentist to choose the right one for you.

The size of the dental implants

We can classify the dental implants also about their sizes (or we call it platform). The basis of the size is a dental implant’s diameter (not its length). The jawbone’s quality and the available gap are both important factors when the dentist chooses a dental implant.

 Standard dental implants:

Generally used dental implant’s diameter is 3,5-4,2 millimeters. These implants are quite short and thin, they are used mostly in the front part of the mouth when the dentist replacing the incisors.

Large platform dental implants:

Their diameter is 4,5-6 millimeters, and used at the back part of the mouth, replacing the molars.

Miniature dental implants:

The miniature or thin body dental implants’ diameter is 2-3,5 millimeters, it is mainly for those patients, whose jawbone isn’t dense enough (it is typically mainly for older patients), the gap between the adjacent teeth is not wide enough or a tooth is missing for a long time.

Immediate implants after an extraction

Technically it is possible to place a dental implant after an extraction immediately. In this case, the artificial root is placed after the extraction instantly, the healing period is shorter, and the Osseo-integration is also much faster.

Whether the immediate implantation is possible or not, the gap of the extraction’s anatomy determinates. In many instances the gap after a tooth extraction is larger than the dental implant itself and it is impossible to place the dental implant immediately. In this case, waiting for the Osseo-integration or grafting a new bone is preferred to ensure the stability of an implant.

Which dentist and dental implants are worth to choose?

 

The first, crucial moment is choosing a proper specialist. It is important that the chosen dentist would have a huge experience related to implantology and his or her personality is acceptable for the patient. The experience is necessary in all, but mainly the friendly manner what counts. The experience is built on wide knowledge and also lots of training. The most talented dentists also have to practice and operate a lot before becoming professional in his or her job.

The implantologist’s personality is also an important factor. It is worth to choose a specialist, who spends enough time listening and answering the patient’s questions, resolving its fears and doubts, meanwhile inspires the confidence which is required during a few months treatment.

If we managed to choose a proper dentist (this is not an easy step) and he or she gained our trust, we should entrust the procedure of choosing the surgery method, the type of the dental implant etc. to him or her.

Countless dental implant systems exist, it is impossible to know and get experience in the use of all of them. Most implantologists use two or three dental implant systems, which are available to cover all the needs. The producing companies of the dental implant systems aim to provide solutions for all type of demand with their products. Similar to the cars, all bigger brands have small vehicles, bigger family cars, maybe vans too. Of course, in special cases, if somebody needs a motorcycle or a bulldozer, they have to turn to another firm.

What are the differences between the cheaper and the more expensive dental implants?

 

The price of the dental implants consists of more elements

  • At first the dentist’s know-how and experience are both crucial, the equipment of the clinic, the qualification of the staff and the provided additional services with the continuous after care and the provided guarantee all matters in the final price.
  • Secondly, the purchase price of the dental implants’ parts are also important. It means not only the price of the placed dental implant (the artificial root), but also all used components, such as dental drills, dental superstructures, the numbers of the parts the dental technician’s works with, for making molds and the temporary replacements. Obviously, behind the most expensive implants standing a producer with bigger producing experience and deeper research, that’s why they are pioneer related to the innovations. The logistics, the numbers of scientific examinations or the numbers of dentist’s training also have important roles to the price of the dental implants.
  • Next important factor is the additional number of treatments. Does the patient need any additional treatment, like sinus lift or bone grafting or not? They all count at the final price of the dental implant.
  • Finally the type of the dental implant also has a huge influence to the method of the surgery. The numbers of the operations, the treatment’s period are shown at the final cost of the dental implant’s treatment of course.